| Confidentiality |
With respect to the confidentiality of information, The Rules of Professional Conduct state:
- A lawyer shall not reveal information relating to representation of a client unless the client consents after consultation, except for disclosures that are impliedly authorized in order to carry out the representation, and except as stated in paragraphs (b) and (c).
- A lawyer shall reveal such information if necessary to comply with the duties stated in Rule 3.3, Candor toward the Tribunal.
- A lawyer may reveal such information to the extent that the lawyer reasonably believes necessary:
- to prevent the client from committing a criminal act that the lawyer believes is likely to result in death or substantial bodily harm or substantial injury to the financial interests or property of another;
- to prevent or to rectify the consequences of a client's criminal or fraudulent act in the commission of which the lawyer's services are being or had been used;
- to establish a claim or defense on behalf of the lawyer in a controversy between the lawyer and the client, to establish a defense to a criminal charge or civil claim or disciplinary proceeding against the lawyer based upon conduct in which the client was involved, or to respond to allegations in any proceeding concerning the lawyer's representation of the client; or
- to effecuate the sale of a law practice consistent with Rule 1.17,
Sale of Law Practice.
- The duty not to reveal information relating to representation of a client continues after the client-lawyer relationship has terminated.